There are four big moments in history that took place on 13th May are (1) US Declares War On Its Neighbour (The Mexican–American War) on May 13, 1846, (2) Pope John Paul II Assassination Attempt on May 13, 1981, (3) Everest Summited By Unassisted Female Climber on May 13, 1995 and (4) Armstrong Records ‘When The Saints Go Marching In’ on May 13, 1938. History is such amazing that sometimes make you so stunning and subjects hard to believe that you be in a dilemma to believe whether this happened or not. Our ancestors have been so amazing people that they still keep surprise us with the events that happened in the past. Today, we have brought such four events that took place on 13th May long back in history that still amaze us today. Let’s explain all those four shocking events.
1. US Declares War On Its Neighbour (The Mexican–American War) (May 13, 1846)
The Mexican–American War, also known in the United States as the Mexican War and in Mexico as the Intervención estadounidense en México, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the Second Federal Republic of Mexico from 1846 to 1848. It followed in the wake of the 1845 American annexation of the Republic of Texas, not formally recognized by the Mexican government, disputing the Treaties of Velasco signed by the unstable Mexican caudillo President/General Antonio López de Santa Anna after the Texas Revolution a decade earlier. In 1845, newly elected U.S. President James K. Polk, who saw the annexation of Texas as the first step towards a further expansion of the United States, sent troops to the disputed area and a diplomatic mission to Mexico. After Mexican forces attacked American forces, Polk cited this in his request that Congress declare war.
Mar 1845:President John Tyler signs the proposal of statehood for Texas, but it does not pass through Congress. He is warned by Mexico that annexing Texas could lead to war, but Tyler is determined to make Texas part of the United States.
Jun 1845:The Republic of Texas is annexed by the United States. However, Mexico does not recognize the annexation.
Mar 1846:General Zachary Taylor leads U.S. troops on a march toward the Rio Grande River. U.S. troops will occupy the land below the Nueces River and claim the area east of the Rio Grande for the U.S.
Apr 1846: Led by General Anastacio Torrejon, 2,000 Mexican troops cross north of the Rio Grande River and ambush U.S. troops at Fort Texas. The Mexican-American war officially begins.
May 1846: U.S. troops defeat Mexico at the Battle of Palo Alto, the first official battle of the war. General Taylor declares victory when Mariano Arista’s Mexican troops retreat.
May 1846: The Battle of Resaca de la Palma begins when Mexican troops attack Fort Texas, which they believe is located in Mexican territory. Mexican troops are forced to retreated and suffer anywhere between 250 and 400 casualties.
May 1846: President James Polk addresses Congress and says them that Mexico has invaded U.S. soil and that blood has been shed. Congress approves the declaration of war, but some Americans are against it and think that Polk is simply trying to take more land for the U.S.
Jun 1846: Concerned about Mexican rule, a group of California settlers rebels against Mexico and declares that California is an independent republic. Independence is short because the U.S. begins occupying California soon after that.
Aug 1846: General Stephen Kearny takes an army of about 2,500 men into Santa Fe, New Mexico. They are met with no resistance and easily take control of New Mexico.
024 AD: General Taylor captures the Mexican city of Monterrey. Taylor’s troops first occupy the city of Matamoros and Camargo before heading south to Monterrey. It is a hard fought battle that results in a series of losses for both sides, but the U.S. eventually wins.
Dec 1846: Antonio López de Santa Anna returns to Mexico after being exiled to Cuba. He stages a coup against the government and declares himself to be the new President of Mexico.
Feb 1847: General Taylor and General Santa Anna face off near Buena Vista. General Taylor’s troops are largely outnumbered but with the use of heavy artillery they are victorious. The Battle of Buena Vista is likely General Taylor’s greatest victory of the war and helps him get elected as president of the United States in 1848.
Apr 1847: General Winfield Scott leads the U.S. in the Battle of Cerro Gordo. Although U.S. troops are outnumbered by Mexican troops, they kill or wound nearly 1,000 Mexican soldiers, take another 3,000 as prisoner, and seize most of the Mexican army’s supplies.
Sep 1847: After a week of fighting, General Scott and his troops wear down a weary Mexican Army and seize Mexico City. The Battle of Mexico City marks the unofficial end of the Mexican-American War.
Feb 1848: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo officially ends the Mexican-American War. The Rio Grande River is established as the U.S.-Mexican border. Under the treaty, Mexico recognizes the U.S. annexation of Texas and agrees to sell California, as well as all of its territory north of the Rio Grande.
2. Pope John Paul II Assassination Attempt (May 13, 1981)
The attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II took place on Wednesday, 13 May 1981, in St. Peter’s Square in Vatican City. The Pope was shot and wounded by Mehmet Ali Ağca while he was entering the square. The Pope was struck four times and suffered severe blood loss. Ağca was apprehended immediately and later sentenced to life in prison by an Italian court. The Pope later forgave Ağca for the assassination attempt. He was pardoned by Italian president Carlo Azeglio Ciampi at the Pope’s request and was deported to Turkey in June 2000.
3. Everest Summited By Unassisted Female Climber (May 13, 1995)
Accomplished mountaineer, and 33-year-old mother of two, Alison Hargreaves makes history as the first woman to conquer Mt. Everest without the help of Sherpa guides or bottled oxygen. Sadly, she will perish after summiting another Himalayan giant, K2, exactly three months later. Alison Jane Hargreaves was a British mountain climber. Her accomplishments included scaling Mount Everest alone, without supplementary oxygen or support from a Sherpa team, in 1995. She soloed all the great north faces of the Alps in a single season—a first for any climber. This feat included climbing the difficult north face of the Eiger in the Alps, in 1988. Hargreaves also climbed 6,812-metre Ama Dablam in Nepal.
1994:A hard day’s summer written by Alison Hargreaves was first published in 1994.
1995:In 1995, Hargreaves intended to climb the three highest mountains in the world—Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga—unaided.
1995:After leaving home at 18, she lived with and later married James Ballard, and in 1995 the family moved to Spean Bridge, in the Scottish Highlands, closer to conditions suitable for her training.
1995:On 13 May 1995, she reached the summit of Everest without the aid of Sherpas or bottled oxygen.
1995:By 13 August 1995, the remnants of the US team and Hargreaves had joined forces with a New Zealand and Canadian team at Camp 4, around 7,600 metres (24,900 ft) above sea level, and at least 12 hours from the summit.
1995:Alison Hargreaves died on August 13, 1995 in K2, China.
4. Armstrong Records ‘When The Saints Go Marching In’ (May 13, 1938)
Jazz trumpeter and singer Louis Armstrong records the traditional gospel hymn in a Dixieland-jazz style. Though it isn’t the first jazz version of the song, Armstrong’s recording will turn it into a jazz standard that will be covered by hundreds of artists and find a place in pop culture and sports. “When the Saints Go Marching In”, often referred to as “The Saints”, is a Black spiritual. Though it originated as a Christian hymn, it is often played by jazz bands. This song was famously recorded on May 13, 1938, by Louis Armstrong and his orchestra. The song is sometimes confused with a similarly titled composition “When the Saints Are Marching In” from 1896 by Katharine Purvis and James Milton Black.