Milling is a process of removing metal by feeding the work against a rotating multipoint cutter. The machine tool intended for this purpose is known as milling machine. It is found in shops where tools and cutters are manufactured. The surface obtained by this machine tool is superior in quality and more accurate and precise. Eli Whitney designed a complete milling machine in 1818. In the year 1861 Joseph Brown, a member of Brown and Sharp company developed the first universal milling machine.
Milling can be done with a wide range of machine tools. The original class of machine tools for milling was the milling machine (often called a mill). After the advent of computer numerical control (CNC) in the 1960s, milling machines evolved into machining centers: milling machines augmented by automatic tool changers, tool magazines or carousels, CNC capability, coolant systems, and enclosures. Milling centers are generally classified as vertical machining centers (VMCs) or horizontal machining centers (HMCs).
The integration of milling into turning environments, and vice versa, began with live tooling for lathes and the occasional use of mills for turning operations. This led to a new class of machine tools, multitasking machines (MTMs), which are purpose-built to facilitate milling and turning within the same work envelope.
1. The metal is removed at a faster rate as the cutter has got multiple cutting edges and rotates at a higher speed.
2. It is possible to perform machining by mounting more than one cutter at a time.
3. The table of the machine can be moved to an accuracy of 0.02mm.
4. It is very useful since various cutters and precise tools can be machined.
5. Special attachments can be mounted on the machine to perform operations that are performed in other machine tools.
6. The quality of the shop is enhanced with the presence of this machine.
1. The cost of the milling machine is high.
2. As milling cutters cost high, the investment for procuring tools is more.
3. The production cost will increase if we carry out the operations performed in a shaper or a drilling machine with a milling machine.